In English

Design and implementation of an intrusion detection system (IDS)for in-vehicle networks

Marco Bresch ; Noräs Salman
Göteborg : Chalmers tekniska högskola, 2017. 88 s.
[Examensarbete på avancerad nivå]

The Controller Area Network (CAN) was specified with no regards to security mechanisms at all. This fact in combination with the widespread adoption of the CAN standard for connecting more than a hundred Electrical Control Units (ECUs), which control almost every aspect of modern cars, makes the CAN bus a valuable target for adversaries. As vehicles are safety-critical systems and the physical integrity of the driver has the highest priority, it is necessary to invent suitable countermeasures to limit CAN’s security risks. As a matter of fact, the close resemblances of in-vehicle networks to traditional computer networks, enables the use of conventional countermeasures, e.g. Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS). We propose a software-based light-weight IDS relying on properties extracted from the signal database of a CAN domain. Further, we suggest two anomaly-based algorithms based on message cycle time analysis and plausibility analysis of messages (e.g. speed messages). We evaluate our IDS on a simulated setup, as well as a real in-vehicle network, by performing attacks on different parts of the network. Our evaluation shows that the proposed IDS successfully detects malicious events such as injection of malformed CAN frames, unauthorized CAN frames, speedometer plausibility detection and Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. Based on our experience of implementing an in-vehicle IDS, we discuss potential challenges and constraints that engineers might face during the process of implementing an IDS system for in-vehicle networks. We believe that the results of this work can contribute to more advanced research in the field of intrusion detection systems for in-vehicle networks and thereby add to a safer driving experience.

Nyckelord: Controller area network, in-vehicle network, embedded security, intrusiondetection system, engineering, project, thesis.

Publikationen registrerades 2017-09-13. Den ändrades senast 2017-09-13

CPL ID: 251871

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