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Coastal Shipping - a Competitive Alternative for Container Transportation? - A Theoretical Case Study of Container Shipping Between Uddevalla and Gothenburg

Martina Andreasson ; Isabelle Cedulf
Göteborg : Chalmers tekniska högskola, 2017. 120 s. Master thesis. E - Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden; E2017:044, 2017.
[Examensarbete på avancerad nivå]

There are no containers transported with maritime transportation within Sweden today. Despite unutilized capacity at sea along the Swedish coastline, all domestic container transportation to and from Swedish ports are made by road or rail transport. The inland transport infrastructure is heavily utilized and unless finding new transport solutions, the increasing volumes of transported cargo will require investments in new infrastructure. The use of coastal shipping could contribute to reduced utilization of roads and railways. It is therefore of interest to investigate the possibilities of using coastal shipping as an alternative to land-based container transport in Sweden. One route where coastal shipping could be a possible alternative is between Port of Uddevalla and Port of Gothenburg. The purpose of this study is therefore to evaluate if and how coastal shipping of containers between Port of Uddevalla and Port of Gothenburg can be a competitive alternative to rail and road transportation. The case studied in this report is a theoretical case since no containers are transported by coastal shipping on the route today. To evaluate the competitiveness of this theoretical case, findings from previous research regarding coastal shipping have been reviewed and interviews with actors involved in the case have been conducted. The economic, logistic and environmental performance of the theoretical case has been calculated and qualitatively analysed. The results show that there are certain requirements regarding total cost, reliability, frequency, volume flexibility and environmental impact that must be met in order to establish a competitive coastal shipping solution between Port of Uddevalla and Port of Gothenburg. With the prerequisites of today, the requirements regarding total cost and environmental impact cannot be met. To make the coastal shipping solution competitive, costs of loading and unloading containers in the ports must be reduced and fuel-efficient vessels with gas cleaning systems must be used. The study resulted in three theoretical frameworks regarding the economic, logistic and environmental performance of coastal shipping. These frameworks are possible to apply on other cases as well and they are therefore part of this study’s contribution to theory. Furthermore, a list of requirements for a competitive coastal shipping solution was developed, as well as an economic performance calculation model. These theoretical contributions are also possible to apply on other, similar cases. One practical implication of the study is that transport operators should negotiate with ports to reduce the price charged for the loading and unloading of containers. These negotiations should give the ports incentives to investigate the possibilities to reduce costs in ports and change the price structures for coastal shipping. Another practical implication is that transport operators must evaluate the options for more environmentally friendly vessels that can be used on the route.

Nyckelord: coastal shipping, containers, barge, competitiveness, total cost of transport, logistic performance, environmental impact

Publikationen registrerades 2017-06-22. Den ändrades senast 2017-06-22

CPL ID: 250068

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