In English

Urban improved cookstove adoption - A study in Tanzanian urban areas

Louise Lund ; Christoffer Johnsson
Göteborg : Chalmers tekniska högskola, 2015.
[Examensarbete på avancerad nivå]

Cooking with biomass on inefficient cookstoves is done by 96% of the households in Tanzania. This implies a waste of resource due to the very low energy conversion efficiency of cooking with the traditional cookstoves, and has negative impacts on the human health and the environment. To reduce these negative impacts and increase the efficiency of cooking, improved cookstoves (ICS) have been promoted during the last decades. ICS use less fuel and emit less smoke for the cooking of a certain amount of food compared to traditional cookstoves. Unfortunately, past projects and programmes promoting ICS adoption have had limited success. The main purpose of this study is to identify and investigate key drivers and barriers for ICS adoption in urban areas in Tanzania. The study is based on interviews with stakeholders and households conducted during an 8-week field study in the two Tanzanian cities Dar es Salaam and Moshi. The study also includes a comparison of the perceived drivers and barriers between households and stakeholders. The second purpose of the study is to perform a market survey to collect data about the stoves and the fuel prices on the Tanzanian market. With this data a compilation of the stove models could be made and also a comparison between the models different financial performance. From the interviews it was found that the financial performance of the cookstoves is very important for the consumers in their choice of cookstove. The decreased fuel consumption and thereby the reduced cost of fuel is one of the key drivers for ICS adoption, while high investment cost is one of the key barriers. The two other key drivers found in the study are time-savings and less smoke (improved health). Another major finding from the interviews is that most households complain about the poor quality of ICS, forming one barrier for ICS adoption. The barrier poor quality becomes especially critical because most households refer to low quality ICS when they think of ICS in general, and are not aware of the existence of several ICS models and the difference between them. One way to reduce or eliminate the barriers is to introduce a system with standards which would help to improve the quality of the ICS models and also facilitate the consumers’ choice of cookstove. Another way is to strengthen the role of the government in the development of the market for ICS.

Nyckelord: improved cookstove, charcoal, adoption, driver, barrier

Publikationen registrerades 2015-08-05. Den ändrades senast 2015-08-05

CPL ID: 220190

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