In English

Recommendation for emission reporting to endeavour sustainable transports - Operational guidance to fortify sustainability in the Volvo Car Group’s logistic network

Linnéa Börjesson ; Emelie Lindberg
Göteborg : Chalmers tekniska högskola, 2014. 80 s.
[Examensarbete på grundnivå]

E2014:049, Increasing levels of Greenhouse gas emissions causing global warming and climate changes are major challenges in today’s society. One important contributor is the freight transport sector, which accounts for 20 % of all EU greenhouse gas emissions (Cefic, 2011). The automotive industry is meeting rising demands from external customers and public bodies as well as internal demands for accounting and reporting of emissions. These transports constitute an important role when it comes to minimizing environmental threats like global warming and air pollution. Especially since the amount of transports are not expected to decrease and the affects that our lifestyle have on the environment is becoming more and more apparent for everyone. This increases the need for companies to control their transports and to find ways to lower their emissions. Due to a recent reorganisation within the Volvo Car Group, the inbound and outbound logistics have become insourced within the company group. This resulted in a need for evaluation of each transport mode and the emissions deriving from each transport. The purpose of this thesis is to create a recommendation for emission reporting of greenhouse gases, sulphur oxide, nitrogen oxide and particulate matter to endeavour sustainable transports, within the Volvo Car Group. The recommendation is developed for quantification of emissions per each transported distance. Two examples of logistic chains are evaluated with the use of default values and operator specific values, hence a comparing analysis between the methods is made. Also the existing and future legal demands concerning each mode of transport are discussed. The research methodology is based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with the carriers of different modes of transport. Subsequently, literature studies were conducted to comprehend the methodologies used for emission reporting. The result from the interviews shows that the way of working with emission reporting varies in different companies and that some companies have well defined emission goals while others are more diffuse and visionary. The maturity level of emission reporting is closely linked to the enforcement of regulations from authorities. In the future, sea transports is the mode of transport with greatest challenges ahead, due to the Sulphur Emission Control Area (SECA) regulations coming into effect next year. In the comparison of calculating emissions based on values from Eco Transit, NTM and operator specific values, the result indicates that values from Eco Transit produce higher emission values compared to the values deriving from NTM and the transport operators. The generated recommendation for Volvo Cars suggests that emission reporting should be based on operator specific values in sea transports and default values in road, rail and air transports. The recommendation is to implement a strategy for improving the accuracy level from operator specific values on a yearly basis. For reporting greenhouse gases the recommendation is to use the CEN standard. For SOx, NOx and PM the recommendation is to use NTM emission factors. Legal demands will be the best way to decrease the amount of emissions from the transport sector, since it is competition neutral, and enforces organisations to step up without risking losing customers.

Nyckelord: logistics, sustainability, GHG emissions, modes of transport, emission reporting



Publikationen registrerades 2014-06-23. Den ändrades senast 2015-11-23

CPL ID: 199496

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