In English

Emergence of Small World Networks Network formation through link selection by selfish nodes

Martin Börjesson
Göteborg : Chalmers tekniska högskola, 2013. 40 s.
[Examensarbete på avancerad nivå]

A game theoretic approach is taken to the Small World Phenomenon. A standard model for the algorithmic approach is generalised in a game theoretic framework, and the corresponding normal form game is de ned and analysed. The thesis shows that when nodes in the network select long range contacts based on incentives that promote participation in short message chains the game admits a potential function. This implies the existence and optimality of pure Nash equilibria as well as convergence of some known game dynamics. The structure of Nash equilibria is further characterised by showing, theoretically and experimentally, the existence of a symmetric equilibrium. Drawing on results in the literature allows the Price of Anarchy to be lower bounded by (log n). Thus showing that while there are globally optimal equilibrium points the sel sh actions of nodes have a large negative impact on the performance of the network. As an example of this, the convergence behaviour of regret minimizing agents in a fully dynamic version of the game is investigated experimentally.

Publikationen registrerades 2013-02-27. Den ändrades senast 2013-04-04

CPL ID: 174174

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