In English

FLNG compared to LNG carriers - Requirements and recommendations for LNG production facilities and re-gas units

Erik Aronsson
Göteborg : Chalmers tekniska högskola, 2012. 72 s. Report. X - Department of Shipping and Marine Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden; 279, 2012.
[Examensarbete på avancerad nivå]

An increasing price and demand for natural gas has made it possible to explore remote gas fields. Traditional offshore production platforms for natural gas have been exporting the partially processed natural gas to shore, where it is further processed to permit consumption by end-users. Such an approach is possible where the gas field is located within a reasonable distance from shore or from an existing gas pipeline network. However, much of the world’s gas reserves are found in remote offshore fields where transport via a pipeline is not feasible or is uneconomic to install and therefore, to date, has not been possible to explore. The development of floating production platforms and, on the receiving end, regasification platforms, have increased the possibilities to explore these fields and transport the liquefied gas in a more efficient form, i.e. liquefied natural gas (LNG), to the end user who in turn can readily import the gas. Floating production platforms and regasification platforms, collectively referred to as FLNG, imply a blend of technology from land-based LNG industry, offshore oil and gas industry and marine transport technology. Regulations and rules based on experience from these applications could become too conservative or not conservative enough when applied to a FLNG unit. Alignment with rules for conventional LNG carriers would be an advantage since this would increase the transparency and possibility for standardization in the building of floating LNG production vessels. The objective of this study is to identify the risks relevant to FLNG. The risks are compared to conventional LNG carriers and whether or not regulatory alignment possibilities exist. To identify the risks, a risk analysis was performed based on the principles of formal safety assessment methodology. To propose regulatory alignment possibilities, the risks found were also evaluated against the existing rules and regulations of Det Norske Veritas. The conclusion of the study is that the largest risk-contributing factor on an FLNG is the presence of processing, liquefaction or regasification equipment and for an LNG carrier it is collision, grounding and contact accidents. Experience from oil FPSOs could be used in the design of LNG FPSOs, and attention needs to be drawn to the additional requirements due to processing and storage of cryogenic liquid on board. FSRUs may follow either an approach for offshore rules or, if intended to follow a regular docking scheme, follow an approach for ship rules with additional issues addressed in classification notes.

Nyckelord: FLNG, FSA, FSRU, LNG, LNG carriers, LNG FPSO, risk assessment.



Publikationen registrerades 2012-08-27. Den ändrades senast 2013-04-04

CPL ID: 162630

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